BILL Fraker, one of Hollywood's most respected cinematographers whose work ranged from such seminal films as Bullitt to One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, has died of cancer in a Los Angeles hospital, aged 86.

Fraker, who on six occasions was nominated for an Academy Award, rose through the ranks of the studio system to help usher in a golden era of filmmaking in the 1970s.

He worked with the biggest names in the business, including Roman Polanski, Steven Spielberg and Milos Forman, developing a reputation as an affable and calming influence on big-budget Hollywood sets with egos to match. He compiled nearly 45 feature film credits in a career spanning 32 years.

Other films he shot include Rosemary's Baby (1968), Paint Your Wagon (1969), Looking for Mr Goodbar (1977), Heaven Can Wait (1978), 1941 (1979) and Street Fighter (1994).